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Botanic collection

Botanical collections
of the botanical and landscape ecology institute

The botanical museum of the university was founded in 1850. Its location is and has always been inside the facilities of the botanical institute in the Grimmer Street, quite close to the main train station. Core pieces of the collections are the collection of teaching materials and the herbarium. The botanical museum of Greifswald is the largest botanical collection in Mechklenburg-Vorpommern, serves as the herbarium of the Land and therefore constitutes the most important place for documentation related to regional botanical studies.

The collections of the botanical and landscape ecology institute include different areas and can be organised in the categories botanical garden, herbarium and collection of educational materials. Today, they are mainly located at the location on Grimmer Street, in the wood collection of the garden and inside the arboretum in the area of Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn Street. With the nomination of Julius Münter (1815-1885) as ordinary professor of botanic in 1851, the collecting activities has known quite an upswing, in particular the foundations of the collections of herbs and of educational materials were laid. The holding of the botanical garden includes only living cultures, which are educational and are grown specifically for scientific projects. With its attractive plants, the garden is in the focus of the public’s interest and organises events accordingly.

On the other hand, the herbarium and the collection of educational materials are not accessible to the public. The collection of dried plants, the herbarium, includes different part-collections, among which the general herbier containing around 300.000 records clearly constitutes by far the most important one. The documented records are essential to answer the questions asked by the flora and landscape transformations. The middle and central Asia collection which is being assembled since the 1990s provides the fundaments for the Flora GREIF project, a virtual herbarium in Mongolia.

The collection of different educational materials includes wet or dry conserved plant preparations as well as models and wall charts. These can be considered as a touchable cabinet of natural produce – together with the cultures of the botanical garden – and are still used even at the age of digital projection. This opportunity to take the preparations into one’s hands and to be able to fathom their three-dimensionality is of high didactical value. The models of fruit varieties of the so-called “vintage fruit cabinet” formed near-naturally out of porcelain mass and presented in this catalogue are an absolute rarity for fanciers and adepts, as they reflect the variety of fruits available around 1900. The digitalisation of sensitive accessions, such as valuable special herbiers or meticulously structured wall charts provide an opportunity to present those to the public while stile “conserving” them.
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